Doula, pronounced DOO-la, originated from the
Ancient Greek word meaning servant to women; a non-medical person who assists a
woman, her partner and/or family before, during, or after childbirth providing
information and physical and emotional support. Continuous support
during labor by doulas is associated with improved maternal and fetal outcomes
and other benefits.
circus; hardly a birth. Bah is 14. I put this into context this way: her
parents were married at 15; life expectancy in their experience is about 45.
They’ve been in the U.S. a couple of years. There are over 50,000 Southeast Asia immigrants in Minneapolis. FOB, as us doulas call him (Father Of the Baby) is too young to drive himself to the hospital. The family sleeps
on homemade platforms at home, squatting on the floor to play cards, like in the
old country; gold papers stuck to the walls to placate any bad spirits that
might be lingering there.
a Friday at 11 p.m. to tell me that she was having contractions, wondering if
it was time to go to the hospital. I offered to go her home and hang out with
her until it was time to go. I went.
and by 4 a.m., now Saturday, petered out. They stopped altogether after
breakfast: whole fried fish, eggplant soup and steaming piles of rice. I went
home after breakfast suggesting they rest and call me when the contractions are
3 – 5 minutes apart for a whole hour or her water breaks — whichever comes
first. Later that day I had supper with my husband. No calls yet. We went to
bed at 11 p.m. Then the call came at 11:15 (of course). She wanted me to come.
died simply because no one knew how to resuscitate them at birth. Her last baby
was born shortly after they arrived in the U.S. She was terrified, labor
stalled and she ended up needing interventions she didn’t understand; a very
traumatic birth. In the end she jumped off the bed — IVs and all — and had
the baby squatting in a corner, everyone yelling at her. Now Grandma tells me no
one is to touch her daughter, no internal exams, IVs, Pitocin, medications, C-section,
no men including doctors. I told her we’ll try to labor at home as long as we
can though I can’t promise what she is asking. Whoa!
attending a high school for pregnant teens. Her mom speaks none. I had learned a
bit of their dialect over the past 30 years which helped a lot.
fears onto the girl. I explained to Bah that her labor was going really well
and she and her baby were healthy. We were at home until things picked up at about
2 a.m., now the third day. I asked her who was going to take us to the hospital.
She said, “My parents don’t drive, just call the ambulance.” I said, “No, we
won’t and anyway, how would your mom and I get there?” I called a taxi and I
jumped in saying, “You know where St. Joseph’s is?” And he says, “Yeah, but is
someone having a heart attack?” I said, “No, a baby actually.” The guy turned
white (no, he wasn’t my regular Somali taxi driver) and said, “You’re kidding me, right?” I said, “No, I’m not, but I don’t
think it’s imminent and I will tell you if we need to pull over.” Literally shaking he
says, “Really, you’ll know WHEN?” I said, “Yes, start the car and just drive. I
am calling the shots, don’t worry.”
out to brief the nurses. The head nurse wanted to know why the mother hadn’t
been able to resolve some of her issues in counseling. I told her that she is
from another world where you don’t talk about these things, much less with
strangers. The staff left us pretty much alone. After a while the nurse asked
if she could check Bah’s dilation. I told the mom that very simply the doctor
won’t come to deliver the baby if she won’t allow a check. She said OK, but
only one finger, and very gently. We
agreed. (Normally a vaginal bimanual or two finger exam is done to track the
progress of the cervix’s dilation from 0 to 10 cm. which is how we measure each
stage of labor.)
how well she was doing with the pain though pretty worn out having now been up
2 days and 2 nights — slow but not unusual for a first baby.
some herbal potion that would speed things up. The doctor didn’t want to speed
things up, especially since waiting can allow the baby’s head to mold well and
stretches the mother naturally, but they insisted. So she drank the brew and it
starts coming back up. I get to hold the bag. Just as she is getting cleaned up
another aunt comes and proclaims that the reason her baby isn’t coming is
because she ate sweets and made her baby too fat! I whispered to her between contractions as
soon as I could that her baby was just the right size for her and he isn’t 8 or
9 pounds; we still think her labor is going really well and I am very proud of
her that her baby won’t be born unless she apologizes to her parents for the
times she talked back to them. She does. They give her more brew.
true! — FOB’s clan sends three chubby middle aged tribal pastors to come pray
over her. They walked in the door without knocking looking like the Three Stooges
in pin striped suits that are too big for them. I asked Bah if I should send
them away. She said they could come in for just a minute. They trooped in, laid
their hands on her head and prayed — on and on, through at least 2
contractions with Bah trying to hold still. Finally I said, AMEN and ushered
them out thanking them profusely. I got a door sign directing all visitors to
check at the desk first and closed the door.
It took another hour but then her little boy was born, crying right away.
Grandma told us she would hold him first because the placenta wouldn’t come out
if Bah held him, so we wrapped him in warm blankets and she held him after she
cut the cord. I tried to involve her as much as possible, hoping this birth
might help heal some of her memories. She cried when she cut the cord and
thanked us. We had her in charge of the cool cloths for sponging her daughter’s
face and neck during labor. I kept telling her what a great doula she was, such
a good mom.
who won’t be officially named for a couple of weeks (the bad spirits might hear
his name or someone say how cute he is and ‘they’ could take him away) and Bah
starts bleeding a bit too much and promptly faints. They start an IV, massage her
uterus and Grandma has a total melt down, throws the baby on the lounge chair,
and starts shrieking not to touch her. The doctor has me explain hemorrhage and
what they have to do but Grandma is
beyond reasoning, calling the clan elders on her cellphone to hold a palaver
and take her side. In no uncertain terms I say that there are mothers dying in China after birth everyday because they don’t know how to
do this (at this point the doctor and the nurses are all vigorously nodding all
together) and finally we get her to stop yelling. Finally I help Bah get baby
latched on properly (which helps the uterus clamp down and reduces bleeding)
and he starts nursing and things settle down.
for supper and then SLEEP! Back to the hospital this afternoon to figure out
the next step. In their tradition a mother can’t come back to her family after
birth, she is unclean for 30 days. We wouldn’t want to incur the wrath of the
bad spirits, but she can’t go to her boyfriend’s family either, because Child
Protection is involved and won’t allow that. FOB is going to a hearing this
month to be tried for statutory rape: she is under 15, which is the cutoff for
a ‘consensual relationship’; she’s a ‘vulnerable minor’ instead. In the past
another family in the same predicament built a hut in the backyard for the mom
and baby in the middle of a Midwestern winter and of course the courts got
involved. The doctor won’t discharge Bah unless she is OK with whatever
arrangement we can get the family to agree to. Mother Teresa’s nuns at the
Missionaries of Charity Shelter where I volunteer have agreed to take her.
Liberia, but that is another story.